1915 National Cash Register Brass Cash Register Model 333


1915 National Cash Register Brass Cash Register Model 333

Estimated value for complete unit in good condition, $1,200, retail, as of 2012.

Courtesy the Forney Museum of Transportation, 4303 Brighton Blvd., Denver, CO 80216 USA.
Some information is from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and www.officemuseum.com.
Also courtesy http://www.davemanuel.com/inflation-calculator.php for currency inflation calculations.
Edited by David Barth 11 March 2013. Forney Museum photos by Dave Barth.

This rare, brass cash register is in the Forney Museum collection. Although office machines are not transportation-related, they represent a collection of items that have been eclipsed by computers. Some computer companies evolved from office machine manufacturers such as IBM, Burroughs, and National Cash Register (NCR).

This is a National Cash Register manufactured in Dayton, Ohio and is believed to be of 1915 vintage. It is made of brass and has elaborate, high-relief ornate work on all sides. It has the original marble pad below the keys. The right side opens for a tape. The top is enclosed with glass where the numbers pop up.

The brass is beautiful with minor tarnish. It appears to be all original and not refurbished. It measures 19" across the widest part, 17 1/4" high by 16" deep. The weight is approximately 80 pounds.

Cash registers were invented in 1884 because an eye on the cash was a necessity in stores of the nineteenth century. John Birch and James Ritty invented a large model that resembled a clock and kept a record of the dollars and cents exchanged in the store.

John Patterson improved the cash register with a paper roll to record the money. By the early 1900s, elaborate brass registers were made. Cash registers became staples in most retail stores, and to provide stronger security measures, cash registers were made with elaborate cast-metal cases from 1888 to 1915. About World War I, the fancy case was exchanged for the more modern designs.

The company began as the National Manufacturing Company of Dayton, Ohio, which was established to manufacture and sell the first mechanical cash register, invented in 1879 by James Ritty. In 1884, the company and patents were bought by John Henry Patterson and his brother Frank Jefferson Patterson and the firm was renamed the National Cash Register Company.

Patterson formed NCR into one of the first modern American companies, introducing new, aggressive sales methods and business techniques. He established the first sales training school in 1893, and introduced a comprehensive social welfare program for his factory workers.

Other significant figures in the early history of the company were Charles F. Kettering, Thomas J. Watson, Sr. and Edward A. Deeds. Deeds and Kettering went on to found Dayton Engineering Laboratories Company which later became Delco Products Division of General Motors.

Watson eventually worked his way up to general sales manager. Bent on inspiring the dispirited NCR sales force, Watson introduced the motto "THINK!" Signs with this motto were erected in factory buildings, sales offices, and club rooms during the mid-1890s.

Watson left NCR for IBM in 1914 and "THINK" later became a widely-known symbol of IBM. Kettering designed the first cash register powered by an electric motor in 1906. Within a few years he developed the Class 1000 register which was in production for 40 years, and the O.K. Telephone Credit Authorization system for verifying credit in department stores. NCR expanded quickly and became multi-national in 1888. Between 1893 and 1906 it acquired a number of smaller cash register companies.

By 1911, it had sold one million machines and grown to almost 6,000 employees. Combined with rigorous legal attacks, Patterson's methods enabled the company to fight off, bankrupt or buy-out over 80 of its early competitors and achieve control of 95% of the U.S. market.

In 1912, the company was found guilty of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act. Patterson, Deeds, Watson, and 25 other NCR executives and managers were convicted for illegal anti-competitive sales practices and were sentenced to one year of imprisonment.

Their convictions were unpopular with the public due to the efforts of Patterson and Watson to help those affected by the Dayton, Ohio floods of 1913, but efforts to have them pardoned by President Woodrow Wilson were unsuccessful. However, their convictions were overturned on appeal in 1915 on the grounds that important defense evidence should have been admitted.

Two million units were sold by 1922, the year John Patterson died. In 1925 the company went public with an issue of $55 million in stock ($723,680,000 in 2012 dollars), at that time the largest public offering in United States history. During World War I the company manufactured shell fuzes and aircraft instrumentation, and during World War II built aero-engines, bomb sights and code-breaking machines, including the American bomb designed by Joseph Desch.

1915 National Cash Register Brass Cash Register Model 333
1915 National Cash Register Brass
Cash Register Model 333
owned by the Forney Museum.


1915 National Cash Register Brass Cash Register Model 333
1915 National Cash Register Brass
Cash Register Model 333
owned by the Forney Museum.


1915 National Cash Register Brass Cash Register Model 333
1915 National Cash Register Brass
Cash Register Model 333
owned by the Forney Museum.


1915 National Cash Register Brass Cash Register Model 333
1915 National Cash Register Brass
Cash Register Model 333
stock photo.


1915 National Cash Register Brass Cash Register Model 333
1915 National Cash Register Brass
Cash Register Model 333
stock photo.


1915 National Cash Register Brass Cash Register Model 333
1915 National Cash Register Brass
Cash Register Model 333
stock photo.


1915 National Cash Register Brass Cash Register Model 333
1915 National Cash Register Brass
Cash Register Model 333
stock photo.


1915 National Cash Register Brass Cash Register Model 333
1915 National Cash Register Brass
Cash Register Model 333
stock photo.


1915 National Cash Register Brass Cash Register Model 333
1915 National Cash Register Brass
Cash Register Model 333
stock photo.