41 for Freedom - Ballistic Missile Submarines


41 for Freedom - Ballistic Missile Submarines

Courtesy Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.

Edited by David Barth 19 May 2012.

USS Francis Scott Key SSBN 657
USS Francis Scott Key SSBN 657 emergency surfacing.


The "41 for Freedom" refers to United States Navy Fleet Ballistic Missile (FBM) submarines, built from 1 November 1958 to 20 March 1965, that comprise the following classes:

  • George Washington class
    • USS George Washington (SSBN-598)
    • USS Patrick Henry (SSBN-599)
    • USS Theodore Roosevelt (SSBN-600)
    • USS Robert E. Lee (SSBN-601)
    • USS Abraham Lincoln (SSBN-602)

  • Ethan Allen class
    • USS Ethan Allen (SSBN-608)
    • USS Sam Houston (SSBN-609)
    • USS Thomas A. Edison (SSBN-610)
    • USS John Marshall (SSBN-611)
    • USS Thomas Jefferson (SSBN-618)

  • Lafayette class
    • USS Lafayette (SSBN-616)
    • USS Alexander Hamilton (SSBN-617)
    • USS Andrew Jackson (SSBN-619)
    • USS John Adams (SSBN-620)
    • USS James Monroe (SSBN-622)
    • USS Nathan Hale (SSBN-623)
    • USS Woodrow Wilson (SSBN-624)
    • USS Henry Clay (SSBN-625)
    • USS Daniel Webster (SSBN-626)

  • James Madison class
    • USS James Madison (SSBN-627)
    • USS Tecumseh (SSBN-628)
    • USS Daniel Boone (SSBN-629)
    • USS John C. Calhoun (SSBN-630)
    • USS Ulysses S. Grant (SSBN-631)
    • USS Von Steuben (SSBN-632)
    • USS Casimir Pulaski (SSBN-633)
    • USS Stonewall Jackson (SSBN-634)
    • USS Sam Rayburn (SSBN-635)
    • USS Nathanael Greene (SSBN-636)

  • Benjamin Franklin class
    • USS Benjamin Franklin (SSBN-640) converted to carry the Trident C-4 ballistic missile
    • USS Simon Bolivar (SSBN-641) converted to carry the Trident C-4 ballistic missile
    • USS Kamehameha (SSBN-642)
    • USS George Bancroft (SSBN-643) converted to carry the Trident C-4 ballistic missile
    • USS Lewis and Clark (SSBN-644)
    • USS James K. Polk (SSBN-645)
    • USS George C. Marshall (SSBN-654)
    • USS Henry L. Stimson (SSBN-655) converted to carry the Trident C-4 ballistic missile
    • USS George Washington Carver (SSBN-656)
    • USS Francis Scott Key (SSBN-657) converted to carry the Trident C-4 ballistic missile
    • USS Mariano G. Vallejo (SSBN-658) converted to carry the Trident C-4 ballistic missile
    • USS Will Rogers (SSBN-659)
These five classes of ballistic missile submarines were limited by the 1972 SALT I Treaty which limited the number of submarine-launched ballistic missiles to 656 missiles, thus totaled forty-one subs, hence the nickname "41 for Freedom".

The "41 for Freedom" nuclear-powered submarines were armed with long-range SLBMs to create a deterrent force against the threat of nuclear war with the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

The United States Navy created a new hull classification symbol for this type of submarine, the SSBN. The first of the "41 for Freedom" submarines was the USS George Washington (SSBN-598) commissioned on 30 December 1959. The last submarine commissioned for the "41 for Freedom" submarines was the USS Will Rogers (SSBN-659) which was formally decommissioned and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 12 April 1993, though she was not the last FBM submarine decommissioned.

In July 1992, USS Kamehameha (SSBN-642) was converted to a SEAL special warfare platform and was outfitted with a drydeck shelter/swimmer delivery platform. Kamehameha was decommissioned on 2 April 2002, the last ship of the original "41 for Freedom" and the oldest submarine in the United States Navy. Almost 37 years old, she held the record for the longest service lifetime of any nuclear powered submarine.

USS Theodore Roosevelt SSBN 600, one of the 41 for Freedom Ballistic Missile 
Submarines.
USS Theodore Roosevelt SSBN 600, one of the "41 for Freedom" Ballistic Missile Submarines.


Forty-One for Freedom
Construction Sites
Electric
Boat,
Groton, CT
Newport
News, RI
Mare
Island,
CA
Portsmouth,
NH
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